Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Enggano Scops-owl (Otus enganensis)


French: Petit-duc d’Enggano German: Enggano-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Enggano

Otus umbra enganensis


, 1927,



Probably close to O. umbra and O. alius; has occasionally been considered conspecific with O. magicus. Formerly treated as a race of O. umbra, O. scops or O. sunia; seems closest to O. umbra, but separated specifically on basis primarily of vocal characteristics. Monotypic.


Enggano I, off SW Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

18–20 cm; no data on body mass. Smallish scops-owl (wing length 160–165 mm) with chestnut to olive-brown upperparts, white spots on scapulars, and cinnamon to... read more


Song a long series of single, dog-like barking notes, given at rate of c. 1 per second. Notes... read more


Little information. Occurs in the natural vegetation of Enggano: tropical lowland evergreen rain... read more

Food and feeding

Probably mainly insects and other arthropods; no published information.


No information. Presumably nests in tree cavities like other Otus.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Enggano EBA. The global population size estimate is 2500–... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Enggano Scops-owl (Otus enganensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 November 2019).