Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)


Espanola Cactus-finch (Geospiza conirostris)


French: Géospize à bec conique German: Españolagrundfink Spanish: Pinzón de Darwin conirrostro
Other common names: Large Cactus-finch (when treated as conspecific with G. propinqua)

Geospiza conirostris


, 1890,

Española (formerly Hood Island), Galapagos Islands


Considered conspecific with G. propinqua in HBW (and elsewhere), but recent molecular study found present species to be closer to G. magnirostris (despite latter being confined to same island as propinqua) than to propinqua itself#R. Race darwini, treated as conspecific with present species when joined with propinqua, might belong to either species but is here assigned to G. magnirostris (which see). Monotypic.


Española, in SE Galapagos Is.

Descriptive notes

13–15 cm; 28 g. A large ground-finch with thick, yet long and robust bill; relatively short and weak-looking tail. Male nominate race is entirely black with slightly... read more


Song a doubled nasal note, “ch’whuuu ch’whuuu” or “tcheuu tcheeuu... read more


Arid lowland areas of dry scrub, as well as areas with prickly pear cactus (Opuntia).

Food and feeding

Feeds on prickly-pear cactus pulp, flowers, fruits and insects. In one study on Genovesa I, adults of present species, G. difficilis... read more


Season on Genovesa Jan–May, beginning within a week of first rains; up to four clutches within one season. Nest built by male, a... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common on the few islands on which it is found. Appears not to be undergoing any detectable population decline.

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. (2019). Espanola Cactus-finch (Geospiza conirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 May 2019).