French: Hirondelle d’Éthiopie German: Fahlkehlschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina etiópica
Barakit, Tigray, north Ethiopia.
Subspecies and Distribution
H. a. aethiopica
Blanford, 1869 –
Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and from E Mali, N Burkina Faso, S Niger and C Chad S to N Cameroon and N Central African Republic and E to C Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, W Ethiopia, N Uganda, N & SE Kenya and NE Tanzania. Rare in Senegambia and Guinea, and SW Cameroon#R.
H. a. amadoni
C. M. N. White, 1956 – E Ethiopia, Somalia and NE Kenya.
13 cm; 10–17 g. Nominate race has forehead rufous-chestnut, crown and upperparts glossy steel-blue; wings black; tail blue-black, deeply forked, with small white... read more
Song is a melodious twittering; calls are “cheep-cheep”, “chip” and “... read more
Variety of open areas, including arid savanna and other grassland, open woodland, forest clearings... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes flies (Diptera), Hymenoptera (including bees and flying ants), termites (Isoptera) and cicadas (Cicadidae). Feeds in pairs or... read more
Mar, Jul–Aug and Dec–Jan in Senegambia, Dec–Jan in Guinea, Apr–Jun in Ghana, Aug in Benin and Niger, Mar–Aug... read more
Mainly resident, but migratory or partially migratory in some areas. Forms post-breeding flocks of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally widespread, common and locally abundant; especially numerous in and around towns. Range has been expanding W in W Africa and S in E Africa... read more
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