Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Eurasian Collared-dove (Streptopelia decaocto)


Taxonomy

French: Tourterelle turque German: Türkentaube Spanish: Tórtola turca
Taxonomy:

Columba risoria Linnaeus var. decaocto

Frivaldszky

, 1838,

Turkey

.

Hitherto considered conspecific with S. xanthocycla but that species has darker grey on head, with forehead grey not whitish-grey (1); underparts more strongly tinged pinkish and slightly darker (1); broad yellow eyering (3); longer tail (effect size 3.42), which results in outertail feathers showing equivalently more white (2); slightly different song, with same rhythm and structure of three-note strophe, but pitch higher at start and each note lower than the last, creating a greater cadence (at least 1). Sometimes treated as conspecific with S. roseogrisea but differs vocally and genetically, and also in plumage and biometrics. Proposed race stoliczkae of Chinese Turkestan based on feral birds. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Europe E to W Russia, Asia Minor, Turkestan and N China and S to NE Africa, Arabia, Iraq, Iran, India, Sri Lanka and W & N China.

Introduced to Japan (possibly natural), USA and Caribbean Islands#R.

Descriptive notes

30–32 cm; male 150–260 g, female 112–196 g. Forehead and crown pale grey often merging into vinous-buff on nape and hindneck; mantle sandy brown; black half... read more

Voice

Song a repeated (3–12, exceptionally 15 times) rhythmic, monotonous phrase of three rather low-... read more

Habitat

In its original range in India, Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia inhabits semi-desert and arid... read more

Food and feeding

Takes seed, cereal grain, fruits of herbs and grasses and some green parts of plants; c. 30 food plants have been identified, including... read more

Breeding

Season prolonged but mainly Mar–Oct in cooler parts of range; in S of Indian Subcontinent breeds year-round, and same appears to be... read more

Movements

Generally resident throughout extensive range; however, altitudinal movements known in Himalayas of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to abundant throughout much of its extensive range. The species was perhaps originally confined to India, Sri, Lanka, Pakistan... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Eurasian Collared-dove (Streptopelia decaocto). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54154 on 17 October 2018).