Often placed in genus Charadrius, and earlier thought possibly quite closely related to some or all of C. asiaticus, C. veredus, C. montanus and C. modestus, but genetic data#R indicate that placement in separate monotypic genus is appropriate. Monotypic.
N Britain through Scandinavia and N Siberia to Chukotskiy Peninsula, and NE Kazakhstan and NW China (extreme NW Xinjiang) E through S Siberia and N Mongolia to SE Russia; irregularly in Pyrenees, Alps, Carpathians, and also sporadically elsewhere in Europe, Caucasus and NW Alaska, and even once on Spitsbergen. Winters in N Africa and Middle East E to W Iran.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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