Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)


Taxonomy

French: Loriot d’Europe German: Pirol Spanish: Oropéndola europea
Taxonomy:

Coracias Oriolus

Linnaeus

, 1758,

“in Europe and Asia” = Sweden

.

Forms clade with O. kundoo, O. auratus, O. chinensis and probably also O. tenuirostris (not sampled), as confirmed by recent genetic study#R. Formerly considered conspecific with O. kundoo. Proposed races caucasicus (N Iran) and sibiricus (SC Siberia) inseparable from birds in rest of range. Monotypic.

Distribution:

W, C & S Europe (S from S Finland) and N Africa (Morocco to Tunisia) E to Altai Mts (S Siberia, W Mongolia and extreme NW China) and, in S, to N Iran and locally to N Arabian Peninsula; non-breeding in sub-Saharan Africa.

Descriptive notes

24–25 cm; 42–102 g. Male has head, upperparts and entire underparts rich golden-yellow; lores black; wing velvet-black, broad yellow tips on primary coverts (... read more

Voice

Loud, melodious, liquid, fluty whistles, e.g. “weeka-laweela-weeo”, “weelo-wallo-... read more

Habitat

In W Europe, usually in semi-open, mixed broadleaf woodlands and plantations, riverine forests with... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly small invertebrates and fruits; occasionally seeds, nectar, pollen; rarely, small lizards, small mammals, eggs and nestlings. Diet... read more

Breeding

Egg-laying mainly in May–Jun, sometimes early Jul. After arriving on territory, male starts singing and chases away intruders,... read more

Movements

Migratory. Migrates mostly at night, but spring passage also during day. In autumn (Jul–Sept... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Estimated European population of 6,700,000–14,000,000 individuals and a large range of c. 10,000,000 km² make this a species of least... read more

Recommended citation

Walther, B. & Jones, P. (2018). Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60449 on 17 December 2018).