French: Gobemouche noir German: Trauerschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas cerrojillo
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
F. h. hypoleuca
(Pallas, 1764) – European Pied Flycatcher – W, N & C Europe from Britain and Scandinavia E to W Russia (Ural Mts), S to W France, N Italy, Romania and Ukraine; non-breeding W & WC Africa.
F. h. tomensis
H. E. Johansen, 1916 – W & SC Siberia (E to upper R Yenisey, S to extreme N Kazakhstan); non-breeding W and WC Africa.
F. h. iberiae
(Witherby, 1928) – Iberian Peninsula; non-breeding W Africa.
F. h. speculigera
(Bonaparte, 1850) – Atlas Pied Flycatcher – NW Africa (mountains from N Morocco S to High Atlas and E to N Tunisia); non-breeding W Africa, where recorded only in N Senegal (possibly only passage migrant) and Ivory Coast.
13 cm; 9·7–22·2 g. Male nominate race breeding has small white patch on forehead (often divided into two white spots; sometimes absent), top of head (down... read more
Song a short, cheerful phrase of c. 15 notes, typically alternating in pitch and often ending in... read more
Breeds in most well-wooded and forest habitats, so long as suitable cavities for nest-sites present... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly insects, both flying and non-flying ones, especially hymenopterans, flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera) and adult and larval... read more
Late Apr to end Jun in Europe and to early Jun in NW Africa; usually single-brooded. Essentially monogamous, but successive polygyny with... read more
Migratory; all races believed to winter in W Africa, some extending to WC Africa. Nominate race, at... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total European population estimated at c. 5,250,000 breeding pairs, with a further 3,000,000 or more pairs in European Russia.... read more
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