India; error = England.
Related to S. lugens, S. hypopyrrha and S. orientalis. Birds of Nile Valley and Faiyûm have been separated as race isabellina, but claimed differences with rufescens probably sexual; in addition, males of this zone may be dimorphic; Italian birds previously separated as race moltonii, and those of Balearic Is as race loei. Four subspecies recognized.
Most populations winter in Sahel zone.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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