French: Gros-bec errant German: Abendkernbeißer Spanish: Picogordo vespertino
Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
H. v. brooksi
Grinnell, 1917 – W Canada (E & S British Columbia) and W USA (S to NW & EC California, and from W Montana and W Wyoming S to C Colorado, also C Arizona and CS New Mexico); winters to SW USA (S California E to SW Texas).
H. v. vespertina
(W. Cooper, 1825) – C & E Canada (Alberta E to S Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) and NE USA (NE Minnesota E to Maine); winters throughout C & E USA S to Texas and Georgia, occasionally N Florida.
H. v. montana
Ridgway, 1874 – extreme SW USA (SE Arizona) and interior W & S Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental from W Chihuahua S to W Durango and central Transvolcanic Belt from Michoacán E to W Veracruz and NW Oaxaca).
18–21·5 cm; 51·1–71·7 g (Pennsylvania). Large, large-billed, plump grosbeak with short, slightly notched tail. Male nominate race has... read more
Song a rambling or erratic series of uneven musical warbling notes, usually concluding with short... read more
Breeds in mature conifer woods of fir (Abies) and spruce (Picea), also mixed... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly seeds of trees, shrubs and other plants; also some insects and larvae. Seeds, buds and flowers include those of maple (Acer... read more
Season Apr–Jul; usually one brood, in Colorado sometimes two. Monogamous; exceptionally polygamous. Pair formation usually takes... read more
Migratory, altitudinal migrant, nomadic and occasionally irruptive. Diurnal migrant, often moving... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Common to locally common; until recently was locally abundant, but has undergone rapid and serious decline since last years of 20th century. Prior to 1920s was... read more
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