French: Traquet familier German: Rostschwanz-Steinschmätzer Spanish: Colinegro familiar
Table Mountain, south-western Cape Province, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
O. f. falkensteini
(Cabanis, 1875) – SE Senegal E to NW Ethiopia, and S Uganda and Tanzania S to Zambezi Valley, possibly also NE Sierra Leone#R; status unknown in adjacent S Eritrea#R.
O. f. omoensis
(Neumann, 1904) – SE South Sudan, SW Ethiopia, NE Uganda and NW Kenya.
O. f. angolensis
(Lynes, 1926) – extreme S Congo#R, SW DRCongo, W Angola and N Namibia.
O. f. galtoni
(Strickland, 1853) – E Namibia, W Botswana and N South Africa (N & W Northern Cape).
O. f. hellmayri
(Reichenow, 1902) – SE Botswana E to S Mozambique, and E South Africa (Northern Province and N Eastern Cape).
O. f. actuosa
(Clancey, 1966) – E South Africa (W KwaZulu-Natal S to Drakensberg Mts) and Lesotho.
O. f. familiaris
(Wilkes, 1817) – S South Africa (Western Cape and Eastern Cape E to R Great Kei).
14–15 cm; 13–29 g. Nominate race is dull brown to brown-grey above, with distinctive warmer brown ear-coverts, darker wings with buffish-brown edgings, rufous-... read more
Song a quiet, nondescript random series of phrases consisting of soft whistles and subdued... read more
Shrubland or light woodland, notably Brachystegia, with areas of rocky ground such as... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly insects, especially beetles, ants and termites; other items recorded include seeds, berries, discarded bread, pet food, roadkill... read more
Mar in Mali; nest-building Feb in Ivory Coast; Dec in Ghana; Mar–May in Nigeria; Aug and Mar in E Africa; breeding condition Sept... read more
Mainly resident. Possibly present only in Jun–Oct rainy season in N parts of range in W... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Abundance variable throughout range. Common in Kédougou region of Senegal and fairly common in S Mali; local and uncommon in N... read more
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