Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Fawn-breasted Brilliant (Heliodoxa rubinoides)


French: Brillant rubinoïde German: Braunbauch-Brillantkolibri Spanish: Brillante pechigamuza

Trochilus rubinoides

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,



Formerly placed in monotypic genus Phaiolaima. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. r. rubinoides (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – C & E Andes of Colombia.
  • H. r. aequatorialis (Gould, 1860) – W Andes in Colombia (Antioquia) S on W slope to Ecuador (from Pichincha to El Oro and W Loja).
  • H. r. cervinigularis (Salvin, 1892) – E slope of Andes in Ecuador (mainly Sucumbíos to W Napo) and Peru (mainly in Pasco, Huánuco, Junín and Cuzco); recorded in N Cochabamba, in C Bolivia#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm; male 7·2–9·2 g, female 7·2–10·2 g. Bill straight, thick, black. Male shining bronzy-green above turning coppery on... read more


    Only recorded vocalization appears to be a rich “tchew”, which in song becomes a prolonged series... read more


    Understorey of wet and humid pre-montane forest, also along shady borders and forest edges;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes nectar from a variety of food plants such as Inga and Erythrina; has been observed flycatching 3–6 m above... read more


    Jan–May (rubinoides, Colombia) or Sept–Jan (aequatorialis, Ecuador). Clutch size two eggs; incubation by... read more


    Sedentary with local altitudinal movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Uncommon and local, especially in S Ecuador, where known from rather few localities, but also in W Andes of Colombia, where... read more

    Recommended citation

    Heynen, I. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Fawn-breasted Brilliant (Heliodoxa rubinoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).