A. Smith, 1836,
eastern Cape Colony (= Colesberg), Northern Cape, South Africa.
Formerly placed in Mirafra, but genetic evidence situates it in present genus. Often treated as conspecific with disjunct C. alopex, but differs genetically and morphologically (shorter bill). Geographical variation largely clinal, plumage colour generally matching regional soil colour, and streaking reduced in more arid areas; races broadly intergrade, and further study may reveal that several of those currently accepted are unsustainable; other named races include omaruru, gobabisensis and rubidior (from various parts of NW & NC Namibia), all synonymized with harei, and austinrobertsi (thornveld of Zimbabwe–Botswana–South Africa border region), synonymized with nominate. Six subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!