French: Bruant des champs German: Klapperammer Spanish: Chingolo campestre
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. p. arenacea
Chadbourne, 1886 – C USA from SE Montana and North Dakota S through Great Plains to NE Colorado, W Oklahoma and C Texas; non-breeding from Kansas, C Oklahoma, N Arkansas and NW Mississippi S to NE Mexico (to N Coahuila, C Nuevo León and N Tamaulipas).
S. p. pusilla
(A. Wilson, 1810) – SE Canada (S Manitoba, S Ontario and S Quebec) and E USA from C Minnesota and C Michigan E to S Maine, S to E Texas, SE Louisiana, S Mississippi, SE Alabama and SW Georgia, rarely to NC Florida; non-breeding from E Kansas, C Missouri, C Ohio, N West Virginia, Maryland and S Massachusetts S to S Texas, Gulf Coast and C Florida.
13·5–14·5 cm; 11–15·7 g. A small, slim sparrow with long, notched tail. Nominate race has rusty-pink crown with faint grey median crownstripe... read more
Song, sometimes at night, a series of 2 or more clear, plaintive, run-on whistles that accelerate... read more
Breeds in oldfields, and occasionally new plantations (Christmas-tree farms), in E parts of range... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes seeds of broomsedge, horseweed, and crabgrass and other grasses; in summer insects comprise more than 50% of diet. Arthropods... read more
Season late Apr/early May to early Aug, in South Dakota late May through Aug; may rear several broods in a season. Usually monogamous; 2%... read more
Partially migratory; individuals breeding N of Massachusetts, N Kansas, and many in Ohio migrate... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Often common or very common in appropriate habitat. Rare as a breeder in S Manitoba (Canada). Has benefited from clearance of forest. In Midwest... read more
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