Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Least Concern

Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)


French: Grive litorne German: Wacholderdrossel Spanish: Zorzal real

Turdus pilaris


, 1758,

Europe = Sweden


Birds wintering in Upper Volga region of W Russia described as race glacioborealis, differing from local breeders in morphology and plumage#R; study needed. Monotypic.


N & C Europe E through C Siberia, N Kazakhstan, Altai and Sayan Mts to Aldan Basin and Transbaikalia; winters in W & S Europe, N Africa and SW Asia.

Descriptive notes

24–28 cm; 81–141 g. Gregarious, noisy large thrush. Has grey head and rump, brownish-chestnut mantle, back and upperwing-coverts, blackish tail, blackish lores,... read more


Song a tuneless chattering scratchy medley of squeaks, chuckles, wheezes, trills and chitters with... read more


Typically mixed habitat, mainly part-wooded and part-open country, commonly using trees for... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates, and fruits found mainly in bushes and hedgerows. Invertebrates found mainly in and on soil in open fields, include... read more


Early Apr to late Aug throughout range, varying with latitude, in N areas timing linked to disappearance of snow cover; commonly double-... read more


Migratory, but movements essentially irruptive and nomadic, so that overall nature of these complex... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common. Global population many tens of millions, with substantial increase in numbers in Europe in past 100 years and no known commensurate decline... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2020). Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).