Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Fiery Topaz (Topaza pyra)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri flamboyant German: Schwarznacken-Topaskolibri Spanish: Colibrí ígneo
Taxonomy:

Trochilus (Topaza) pyra

Gould

, 1846,

Rio Negro, Brazil

.

Often lumped with T. pella, and some individuals of that species resemble present species in having glittering orange belly. However, here split on account of (in male) black extending over rear ear-coverts and nape and lower on breast below green throat patch, forming a stronger, more distinctive hood (3); more golden, less vinous shade on mantle and back (1); stronger and rather more extensive green on rump and uppertail-coverts (ns[1]); almost uniformly dark blue-black secondaries and tail vs secondaries and outer rectrices rich rufous (3); and (in female) narrower glittering throat patch (ns[1]) and whitish-buff outer vane of outer rectrix (ns[2]); further differences exist#R. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. p. pyra (Gould, 1846) – S Venezuela (Amazonas), SE Colombia and NW Brazil.
  • T. p. amaruni Hu et al., 2000 – E Ecuador and NE Peru (Loreto, Ucayali).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 21–23 cm (including bill 2·2 cm and tail 9·9–11·8 cm), 12–17 g; female 13–14 cm, 10·2–12 g (races combined). Compared to nominate race of T. pella, male of ... read more

    Voice

    Song described as a “rich chatter decelerating into a series of “tchip” notes followed by high wiry... read more

    Habitat

    Occurs in lowlands generally below 400 m, and seems to be largely restricted to forests (including... read more

    Food and feeding

    Most knowledge suggests similar behaviour and diet to T. pella. Mainly seen foraging for nectar in the upper storey of flowering... read more

    Breeding

    Few nesting data, but at least five nests with eggs, one in Amazonas (W Brazil) in May, two in Acre (SW Brazil) both in Jul and two in E... read more

    Movements

    Mainly sedentary during breeding season, but is speculated to engage in some temporal movements,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common but frequently considered rare due to its secretive habits in the treetops. No abundance data available, but has recently... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Fiery Topaz (Topaza pyra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467193 on 21 May 2019).