Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Fiji Parrotfinch (Erythrura pealii)


Taxonomy

French: Diamant de Peal German: Fidschipapageiamadine Spanish: Diamante de Fiyi
Taxonomy:

Erythrura Pealii

Hartlaub

, 1852,

Vanua Levu, Fiji

.

Commonly treated as conspecific with E. cyaneovirens, and geographical position between subspecies of latter species (which see) problematic. Nevertheless, differs in its black vs blue chin and throat (3); reduced blue on breast, shading quickly to green (1); red of crown stopping at hindcrown, nape thus being green and not red, and with no adjacent blue on mantle (3); smaller size (effect size for bill vs E. c. cyaneovirens −5.69, vs E. c. regia −4.07; score 2); use of forest edge and open areas, including gardens and suburbs, feeding frequently on lawns, vs restricted to closed-canopy forest, feeding largely in trees (1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Fiji (Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Kadavu, and Mamanuca and Yasawa Groups).

Descriptive notes

10 cm; male 10·4–13·6 g, female 10·7–12·3 g. Male has forehead to hindcrown and face red, lores black, nape to hindneck, sides of neck and upperparts green, rump and... read more

Voice

Song is a protracted two-note whistle, described as a “persistent double note”, given both in... read more

Habitat

Found commonly in forest edge and occurs regularly in gardens and suburbs; frequently seen in city... read more

Food and feeding

Diet consists predominantly of seeds of grasses (Poaceae), supplemented to variable extent by small insects and spiders; berries and nectar... read more

Breeding

Season probably Jan–Apr and Jul–Aug. Nest domed, with side entrance, constructed of fresh grass, placed usually in well-concealed position... read more

Movements

Presumed resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Fiji EBA. Common in Fiji, where found on the four largest islands (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Fiji Parrotfinch (Erythrura pealii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1344116 on 23 August 2019).