Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Fiji Shrikebill (Clytorhynchus vitiensis)


French: Monarque des Fidji German: Fidschimonarch Spanish: Monarca de Fiyi
Other common names: Lesser Shrikebill

Myiolestes vitiensis


, 1866,

Ovalau, western Fiji Islands


Distinctive form powelli, differing from other races in bill morphology and vocalizations, regarded as a separate species by recent authors#R#R, who suggested further that keppeli and fortunae may be worthy of species rank; more research needed in order to understand relationships among the taxa presently included in this species. SW Fiji race often referred to by name compressirostris, but brunneus has precedence#R. Twelve subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. v. wiglesworthi Mayr, 1933 – Rotuma (extreme N Fiji).
  • C. v. vitiensis (Hartlaub, 1866) – Fiji Shrikebill – W Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Lomaiviti Group).
  • C. v. brunneus (E. P. Ramsay, 1875) – Kadavu, Ono and Vanua Kula (SW Fiji).
  • C. v. buensis (E. L. Layard, 1876) – Vanua Levu and Kioa (N Fiji).
  • C. v. layardi Mayr, 1933 – Taveuni.
  • C. v. pontifex Mayr, 1933 – Rabi and Qamea (NE Fiji).
  • C. v. vatuanus Mayr, 1933 – Lau Archipelago (Tuvuca, Yacata, Vatu Vara), in C Fiji.
  • C. v. nesiotes (Wetmore, 1919) – Lau Archipelago (S from Cicia).
  • C. v. fortunae (E. L. Layard, 1876) – Wallis and Futuna (Futuna, Alofi).
  • C. v. keppeli Mayr, 1933 – N Tonga (Niuatoputapu, Tafahi).
  • C. v. heinei (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870) – Tonga (Ha’apai Group, Nomuka Group, ‘Eue’iki).
  • C. v. powelli (Salvin, 1879) – Manu'a Shrikebill – Manu’a Is in American Samoa (Ofu, Olosega and Tau).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–19 cm; 29·2 g. Large, rather featureless, dull brownish monarch; large wedge-shaped bill with slight hook at tip, surrounded by rictal bristles. Nominate race... read more


    Long drawn-out wavering, melodious whistling “teee-ooooo” call, with several variations... read more


    Dense native forest and thicket, but frequents any well-wooded areas or thick scrub, from sea-level... read more

    Food and feeding

    Largely insectivorous, including grubs and probably caterpillars. Frequently seen in pairs; often joins mixed-species flocks with other... read more


    Breeds Jun–Jan. Nest a deep cup made of vine tendrils, rootlets and fine plant stems, lined with fine fibres and decorated with... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Fiji EBA and Samoan Islands EBA, also in Rotuma Secondary Area, Wallis and Futuna Secondary Area... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gregory, P. (2017). Fiji Shrikebill (Clytorhynchus vitiensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 November 2017).