Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Finsch’s Francolin (Scleroptila finschi)


French: Francolin de Finsch German: Finschfrankolin Spanish: Francolín de Finsch

Francolinus Finschi


, 1881,

Caconda, Benguela, Angola


Closely related to S. streptophora, S. levaillantii and S. afra. Monotypic.


SE Gabon (Lékoni) to lower R Congo in Congo and DRCongo (Batéké Plateau N of Brazzaville and Kinshasa); S DRCongo (Kwando and Kwilu); and WC Angola (Cuanza Norte and S Malanje S to N Huíla).

Descriptive notes

c. 34–36 cm; c. 540–600 g. Mainly grey-brown upperparts, with some rufous barring; mainly rufous head and white throat; upper breast grey-brown, becoming buff... read more


Vocalizations considered typical of Scleroptila, and especially similar to those of S... read more


Woodland and grassland; at Gungu in S DRCongo occurs in grassland near gallery forest up to 600 m;... read more

Food and feeding

Beetles, insect larvae and seeds are taken; recorded feeding in recently burnt areas. Chiefly recorded in pairs. No further information... read more


Lays Jan, Mar, Jul in DRCongo and Jun–Aug in Angola. Probably monogamous; generally observed in pairs. Nest hidden amongst vegetation... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Formerly considered Near Threatened. Occurs in suitable habitat throughout an area of c. 304,000 km². In... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Finsch’s Francolin (Scleroptila finschi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).