Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Fire-eyed Diucon (Xolmis pyrope)


French: Pépoaza oeil-de-feu German: Feueraugen-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Diucón

Muscicapa Pyrope


, 1830,

Tomé, Bahía de Concepción, Chile


Formerly placed in monospecific Pyrope, on basis of primary structure of male. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. p. pyrope (Kittlitz, 1830) – C & S Chile (from Valparaíso) and SW Argentina (from Neuquén) S to Tierra del Fuego; winters in N Chile (S Antofagasta to Coquimbo).
  • X. p. fortis R. A. Philippi [Bañados] & A. W. Johnson, 1946 – Chiloé I, in SC Chile.
  • Descriptive notes

    18·5–21·5 cm. Head and back are uniformly dark grey; wings black with narrow grey edging; tail grey, outer feathers slightly paler; pale ashy grey below, throat whiter... read more


    Usually silent; call a low “tick tick;” also soft, plaintive “pit” or “whit”, occasionally followed... read more


    Edge of Nothofagus forest, woodland, and in shrubby clearings; also gardens, Berberis... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects; reported as also eating fruit, especially in winter. Food delivered to nestlings in C Chile consisted mainly of ground-dwelling... read more


    Oct–Jan; in C Chile late Sept–late Dec, peaking in Oct. Nest an open cup of small twigs and grass straws, lined with moss... read more


    Mostly resident. S populations of nominate race migratory, move N in May, return in Nov.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common or common. Occurs in Los Glaciares National Park, in Argentina, and La Campana National Park, in Chile.

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Fire-eyed Diucon (Xolmis pyrope). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).