Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Fire-eyed Diucon (Xolmis pyrope)


Taxonomy

French: Pépoaza oeil-de-feu German: Feueraugen-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Diucón
Taxonomy:

Muscicapa Pyrope

Kittlitz

, 1830,

Tomé, Bahía de Concepción, Chile

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Formerly placed in monospecific Pyrope, on basis of primary structure of male. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. p. pyrope (Kittlitz, 1830) – C & S Chile (from Valparaíso) and SW Argentina (from Neuquén) S to Tierra del Fuego; winters in N Chile (S Antofagasta to Coquimbo).
  • X. p. fortis R. A. Philippi [Bañados] & A. W. Johnson, 1946 – Chiloé I, in SC Chile.
  • Descriptive notes

    18·5–21·5 cm. Head and back are uniformly dark grey; wings black with narrow grey edging; tail grey, outer feathers slightly paler; pale ashy grey below, throat whiter... read more

    Voice

    Usually silent; call a low “tick tick;” also soft, plaintive “pit” or “whit”, occasionally followed... read more

    Habitat

    Edge of Nothofagus forest, woodland, and in shrubby clearings; also gardens, Berberis... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects; reported as also eating fruit, especially in winter. Food delivered to nestlings in C Chile consisted mainly of ground-dwelling... read more

    Breeding

    Oct–Jan; in C Chile late Sept–late Dec, peaking in Oct. Nest an open cup of small twigs and grass straws, lined with moss... read more

    Movements

    Mostly resident. S populations of nominate race migratory, move N in May, return in Nov.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common or common. Occurs in Los Glaciares National Park, in Argentina, and La Campana National Park, in Chile.

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Fire-eyed Diucon (Xolmis pyrope). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57424 on 27 June 2019).