French: Pépoaza oeil-de-feu German: Feueraugen-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Diucón
Tomé, Bahía de Concepción, Chile
Subspecies and Distribution
X. p. pyrope
(Kittlitz, 1830) – C & S Chile (from Valparaíso) and SW Argentina (from Neuquén) S to Tierra del Fuego; winters in N Chile (S Antofagasta to Coquimbo).
X. p. fortis
R. A. Philippi [Bañados] & A. W. Johnson, 1946 – Chiloé I, in SC Chile.
18·5–21·5 cm. Head and back are uniformly dark grey; wings black with narrow grey edging; tail grey, outer feathers slightly paler; pale ashy grey below, throat whiter... read more
Usually silent; call a low “tick tick;” also soft, plaintive “pit” or “whit”, occasionally followed... read more
Edge of Nothofagus forest, woodland, and in shrubby clearings; also gardens, Berberis... read more
Food and feeding
Insects; reported as also eating fruit, especially in winter. Food delivered to nestlings in C Chile consisted mainly of ground-dwelling... read more
Oct–Jan; in C Chile late Sept–late Dec, peaking in Oct. Nest an open cup of small twigs and grass straws, lined with moss... read more
Mostly resident. S populations of nominate race migratory, move N in May, return in Nov.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common or common. Occurs in Los Glaciares National Park, in Argentina, and La Campana National Park, in Chile.
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