Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Five-coloured Munia (Lonchura quinticolor)


French: Capucin coloré German: Fünffarbennonne Spanish: Capuchino multicolor

Loxia quinticolor


, 1807,



Proposed races wallacii (from Lombok) and sumbae (from Waingapo, on Sumba) described on basis of rump colour; but plumage varies individually or possibly clinally (mainly dark in W and pale in E), and naming of races unwarranted. (In any event, name sumbae invalid, as preoccupied.) Monotypic.


Lesser Sunda Is: Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Alor, Sumba, Roti and Timor E to Tanimbar Is (Yamdena).

Descriptive notes

11·5 cm. Head is dark chestnut-brown, crown and nape duller, with grey feather tips, ear-coverts with fine pale shaft streaks, upperparts chestnut, rump, uppertail-coverts... read more


Loud call of male a double "triprip", of female a single "peet". Song a series of soft "te te te"... read more


Grassland, cultivation, especially rice fields, lightly wooded savanna, large forest clearings and... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of wild grasses and rice. Climbs stems to reach seeding heads; feeds also on ground. Forages in pairs and in small groups,... read more


Season Feb–May and Aug on Flores. Male displays in upright posture, feathers of head and belly fluffed, and gives soft song. Nest a... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon; moderately common on Flores and Sumba. Widely distributed, but at low density; generally sparse. In early 1990s, this species was... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2020). Five-coloured Munia (Lonchura quinticolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 January 2020).