Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Flat-billed Vireo (Vireo nanus)


French: Viréo d’Hispaniola German: Schnäppervireo Spanish: Vireo de La Española

Empidonax nanus


, 1875,

Santo Domingo (= Dominican Republic)


Sometimes accorded a separate monotypic genus, Lawrencia. Monotypic.


Hispaniola, principally along N & W coasts and the Neiba Valley, and Gonâve I.

Descriptive notes

12–13 cm; 10·4–11 g. Lores dark grey, broken eyering and area above lores pale olive-yellow (spectacled appearance), forehead to nape and upperparts dull greenish... read more


Song a clear, whistled series of notes, "wi-wi-wi-wi…", constantly repeated, also a more rapid... read more


Mostly semi-arid scrubland from sea-level to 1200 m, usually at low elevations; also in more humid... read more

Food and feeding

Food items include insects and fruits. Forages deliberately, in low bushes or on ground. Perhaps more inclined to use flycatching method... read more


Season Feb–Jun. Nest a deep cup of plant fibres, sometimes with horsehair, placed in bush. Clutch 2 eggs, white, almost unmarked or... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Hispaniola EBA. Generally rather uncommon. Has suffered considerable loss of habitat in recent times. So far, no... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Flat-billed Vireo (Vireo nanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 April 2019).