Family Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Endangered

Floreana Mockingbird (Mimus trifasciatus)


Taxonomy

French: Moqueur de Floreana German: Floreanaspottdrossel Spanish: Sinsonte de Floreana
Taxonomy:

Orpheus trifasciatus

Gould

, 1837,

Floreana Island (formerly Charles Island), Galapagos Archipelago

.

This species, M. parvulus, M. macdonaldi and M. melanotis previously placed in genus Nesomimus, and all were formerly considered conspecific. Hybridization of present species with M. longicaudatus recorded in captivity. Birds on Campeón somewhat smaller than those on Gardner-near-Floreana, but difference considered insufficient to warrant naming of geographical races. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Islets of Gardner-near-Floreana and Campeón (near Floreana), in S Galapagos Is.

Descriptive notes

25–26 cm; male 65·7 g, female 59·8 g. Large greyish mimid with rather long, somewhat decurved bill. Has pale eyeline, dark-mottled buffish ear-coverts;... read more

Voice

Loud, melodious song; does not mimic other species.

Habitat

Desert and semi-desert scrub with a few trees and arborescent cacti; low littoral vegetation.

Food and feeding

Omnivorous, primarily insectivorous. Food includes carrion (seabirds, lizards), probably also seabird eggs. Forages mainly on ground, but... read more

Breeding

Oct–Apr; two broods. Co-operative breeder, 4–5 adults per territorial group, group size correlates positively with territory... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Galapagos Islands EBA. Once abundant on Floreana, where became extinct before 1888; now restricted to two small adjacent... read more

Recommended citation

Cody, M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Floreana Mockingbird (Mimus trifasciatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58195 on 23 October 2018).