Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)


Flores Scops-owl (Otus alfredi)


French: Petit-duc de Florès German: Flores-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de Flores

Pisorhina alfredi

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1897,

Repok Mountains, above 3500 feet [c. 1100 m], Flores


Probably closest to O. balli and O. spilocephalus; comprehensive analysis of morphological characters (short rounded ear-tufts, long auricular filaments, triangular white spots forming collar, unstreaked plumage, unbanded tail, heavily feathered tarsi with distal third bare, wing formula, and yellow bill, feet and claws) demonstrates closeness to latter#R. Recently treated as a rufous morph of race albiventris of O. magicus, but morphology clearly demonstrates its distinctness and validity as a species. Monotypic.


Flores I, in Lesser Sundas.

Descriptive notes

19–21 cm. Facial disc solid dark rufous-brown, with white eyebrows and rufous ear-tufts; forehead with fine white markings, crown unstreaked rufous; upperparts uniform... read more


Only recently described: gives single short, sharp “UH” notes at intervals of 1·... read more


Mountain forest, down to at least 590 m; perhaps tolerant of disturbed habitat where it adjoins... read more

Food and feeding

No information.


No information, but considered to probably nest in cavities in trees.


No information. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Population estimated at just 250–2500 mature individuals. Restricted-range species: present in Northern Nusa Tenggara EBA. The little information... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Flores Scops-owl (Otus alfredi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).