Family Crows and Jays (Corvidae)


Florida Scrub-jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens)


French: Geai à gorge blanche German: Floridahäher Spanish: Chara floridana

Corvus coerulescens


, 1795,

in Amer. septentrionale = Florida, USA


Formerly treated as conspecific with A. californica. Hybridizes with that species in captivity, and recorded as hybridizing once with Cyanocitta cristata. Monotypic.


Peninsular Florida, in SE USA.

Descriptive notes

26 cm; male 79·3 g, female average 75 g. A moderate-sized, crestless, long-tailed jay with stout hook-tipped bill. Has dull purplish-blue head with frosty white... read more


Large vocabulary of graded calls. Loud "weep", often in series of variable length and... read more


Isolated patches of oak (Quercus) scrub on sandy ridges; avoids pine (Pinus)... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous. Variety of plant foods includes berries, acorns, pine seeds; arthropods, including grasshoppers and bush-crickets (Orthoptera... read more


Nest-building Feb to late Apr (most in Mar), and eggs late Mar to May, earlier in suburban settings; normally only one brood per year, but... read more


Resident. Maximum known dispersal distance 17 km for males and 38 km for females in contiguous... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Locally common; restricted to scrub and shrubby ­areas in Florida. Has small and fragmented population and range, which are rapidly declining. Global... read more

Recommended citation

Marzluff, J. (2020). Florida Scrub-jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).