Family Tityras and allies (Tityridae)

Least Concern

Foothill Mourner (Schiffornis aenea)


French: Antriade des contreforts German: Braunrückenbekarde Spanish: Llorón bronceado

Schiffornis turdinus aeneus

J. T. Zimmer

, 1936,

Chaupe, 6100 feet [c. 1860 m], Piura, Peru


Until recently considered conspecific with S. olivacea, S. stenorhyncha, S. turdina and S. veraepacis, but differs from all these taxa in its brown crown (others olive or rufescent-brown) (1) and very different song, with four vs 2–3 notes (3), different pitches from all others at start and finish (3), and the only one to start with an initial short note before the longer whistle (ns[3]); moreover, it is elevationally parapatric with S. turdina amazonum (3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

E slope of E Andes in Ecuador and adjacent N Peru; recently confirmed to occur in extreme S Colombia#R.

Descriptive notes

15·5–17·3 cm; 28·5–31 g. A typical member of the S. turdina species complex; most important differences from other members of it are described under Taxonomy (above... read more


Primary vocalization is a mournful “deuu…teé’wOOee, tew-tew” or “hew EeuEE TU-hew”, with the second... read more


Occupies understorey of tall forest and mature second growth, in foothills to lower subtropics; in... read more

Food and feeding

Diet comprises insects and fruit, but specific data are wholly lacking. Rarely joins mixed-species feeding flocks. Forages by sallying to... read more


Virtually nothing known, beyond that in E Ecuador single individuals have been collected in breeding condition in Mar and Jun. Birds in E... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Unobtrusive and heard far more often than seen. With an overall range of just 53,000 km² (the smallest of any species within the ... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Foothill Mourner (Schiffornis aenea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 June 2019).