Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)


Forbes's Blackbird (Anumara forbesi)


French: Carouge de Forbes German: Forbesstärling Spanish: Chango de Forbes

Agelæus forbesi

P. L. Sclater

, 1886,

Macuca, Pernambuco, Brazil


Taxonomic status was for a long time uncertain, sometimes being considered a rare hybrid between Gnorimopsar chopi and Chrysomus ruficapillus. Monotypic.


NE & E Brazil: very localized in Pernambuco and Alagoas; and N Minas Gerais.

Descriptive notes

21–24 cm. Medium-sized, slim, all-dark icterid with long tail, short and rather rounded wing, and pointed bill with flat culmen. Plumage is entirely black, with... read more


Rather harsh song a double nasal buzz, with fundamental frequency c. 1·7 kHz. Flight call... read more


In N of range frequents forest edges and nearby marshy pastures, as well as groves of introduced... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods and fruits, but no detailed information. Chicks fed with insects. Forages in small flocks of up to c. 30 individuals; recent... read more


Season Mar–Aug (Alagoas); two broods in a season. Co-operative breeder. During nest-building one individual arranged material brought... read more


Probably resident.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered Critically Endangered. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Slope of Alagoas and Pernambuco EBA. Two disjunct populations: one... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Forbes's Blackbird (Anumara forbesi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).