French: Élénie de Gaimard German: Weißscheitel-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío selvático
Yuracares, Cochabamba, Bolivia
Subspecies and Distribution
M. g. macilvainii
(Lawrence, 1871) – Panama (E of Canal Zone) and Caribbean coast of Colombia (E to base of Santa Marta Mts).
M. g. bogotensis
(Berlepsch, 1907) – NE Colombia (from N Santa Marta Mts and Norte de Santander) E to N Venezuela (W Zulia E to Sucre, S to Barinas, Apure and R Orinoco).
M. g. trinitatis
(E. J. O. Hartert & Goodson, 1917) – Trinidad.
M. g. guianensis
(Berlepsch, 1907) – E Amazonian Colombia, S & SE Venezuela (S of R Orinoco) and the Guianas S to N Amazonian Brazil and extreme NE Peru (N of Amazon in Loreto).
M. g. gaimardii
(d’Orbigny, 1840) – E Ecuador, E Peru, C, S & NE Brazil (S of Amazon E to Maranhão and S to Goiás and W São Paulo; also Pernambuco and Alagoas) and N Bolivia.
12–12·5 cm; 12–13 g. Small, with elongated crown feathers forming slight bushy crest. Nominate race has indistinct whitish loral spot and supercilium, narrow... read more
Short, upward-inflected, disyllabic “pitchueeet”, typically as isolated calls or separated by... read more
Tropical lowland evergreen forest, forest borders, gallery forest and, to lesser extent, deciduous... read more
Food and feeding
Insects; berries and small fruit also eaten. Forages usually very high in forest canopy; often, but not always, with mixed-species flocks.... read more
Nest found in Feb in Panama; breeds Mar–Sept in Colombia and Feb–Sept in Trinidad. Nest (Panama) a cup of grass and moss,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common in much of range, but easily overlooked unless voice known; difficult to locate in forest canopy and heard much more often than it is... read more
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