Family Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Least Concern

Forest Penduline-tit (Anthoscopus flavifrons)


Taxonomy

French: Rémiz à front jaune German: Goldstirn-Beutelmeise Spanish: Pájaro moscón frentigualdo
Taxonomy:

Aegithalus [sic] flavifrons

Cassin

, 1855,

Mondah River, Gabon

.

Compared to A. punctifrons, A. parvulus, A. musculus, A. caroli, A. sylviella and A. minutus, structural features, plumage coloration and rainforest habitat all suggest more distant affinities than exist among those six. Race waldronae initially named “waldroni”, but internal information “for Miss Fanny Waldron” requires emendation. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. f. waldronae Bannerman, 1935 – N Liberia (N Lofa County, Mt Nimba), S Ivory Coast (forests of Taï, Fresco and Yapo) and SW Ghana (Goaso and Kakum Forests).
  • A. f. flavifrons (Cassin, 1855) – SE Nigeria (Itu and Umuagwu), S Cameroon (Lolodorf, Elat and Aboulou), Equatorial Guinea (Mbini), N Gabon (Belinga, M’Bes, Makokou, M’Passa and Mondah Estuary), N & SW Congo (Odzala and Nouabale-Ndoki National Parks; Kouilou) and N DRCongo (Equateur and Orientale Provinces).
  • A. f. ruthae Chapin, 1958 – E DRCongo (SE Kivu).
  • Descriptive notes

    9 cm; c. 7–9 g. Tiny plain olive-green passerine with yellowish forehead, small, conical and sharply pointed bill proportionately larger than that of congeners (and may... read more

    Voice

    Not very vocal, or possibly most calls are high-pitched and pass unheard by humans. Calls include... read more

    Habitat

    Lowland evergreen forest, favouring forest edge, clearings and the like. Found also in well-grown... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food items include small insects and small pulpy fruits. Forages in middle and upper canopy, sometimes much lower; easily overlooked.... read more

    Breeding

    Few observations. Birds in breeding condition (or in act of nesting) in Nov in Nigeria, Dec in Cameroon, Oct and Mar in Gabon, Oct in... read more

    Movements

    None documented, probably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Not well known. Generally regarded as rare, and infrequently seen, but is probably not uncommon; clearly under-recorded, being difficult to locate... read more

    Recommended citation

    Madge, S. (2019). Forest Penduline-tit (Anthoscopus flavifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59964 on 18 February 2019).