French: Tyran des savanes German: Gabelschwanz-Königstyrann Spanish: Tijereta sabanera
Subspecies and Distribution
T. s. monachus
Hartlaub, 1844 – S Mexico (C & S Veracruz, N Oaxaca, NE Chiapas, Tabasco, SW Campeche) S to Colombia (except N, but generally E of Andes S to Meta and Vichada) and much of Venezuela (E to Orinoco Delta, S to N Amazonas and N Bolívar, and several offshore islands); also S Suriname (Sipaliwini) and NC Brazil (Roraima, lower R Negro, perhaps Amapá).
T. s. sanctaemartae
(J. T. Zimmer, 1937) – N Colombia (Caribbean coastal region and Santa Marta Mts area) and extreme NW Venezuela (NW Zulia).
T. s. circumdatus
(J. T. Zimmer, 1937) – N Brazil in E Amazonas (occasionally W to Manaus) and Pará and Amapá (S bank R Amazon, islands near Santarém, and both banks of R Tapajós).
T. s. savana
Daudin, 1802 – C, S & SE Brazil (Rondônia and S Mato Grosso E to Tocantins and S Piauí, S to Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janerio and Rio Grande do Sul), N & E Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (S to Río Negro, occasionally to NE Chubut and even Patagonia) and Uruguay; S populations migrate N to Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and Amazonia.
Male 37–40·5 cm, female 28–30 cm (both including tail); 28–30 g (monachus), 27·2–34 g (savana). Male nominate has most... read more
Generally rather quiet, even during breeding; thin, low-pitched, weak, rather creaky-sounding... read more
Open terrain, especially pastures or savanna with scattered trees and bushes; also lawns,... read more
Food and feeding
Primarily flying insects; considerable quantities of berries and palm fruits also taken outside breeding season. May be observed singly, in... read more
Breeds Mar–Jun in Costa Rica; Jan–May in Colombia; nests found in Oct in Venezuela (W Apure); Oct–Jan in Argentina. Male... read more
Resident, nomadic, and partially migratory; migratory in S of range. Movements throughout much of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common. Widespread within large range. This species’ nomadic nature, coupled with its ability to thrive in a wide range of open... read more
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