Family Sandgrouse (Pteroclidae)

Least Concern

Four-banded Sandgrouse (Pterocles quadricinctus)


French: Ganga quadribande German: Buschflughuhn Spanish: Ganga cuadricinta

Pterocles quadricinctus


, 1815,

Coromandel; error = Senegal


In the past, sometimes included in genus Eremialector. Recent study#R suggests that this species may form a clade with P. decoratus, P. bicinctus, P. lichtensteinii and P. indicus. Birds to E of L Chad described as race lowei, but insufficiently distinct to warrant recognition. Monotypic.


Senegambia, S Mali, S Niger, S Chad and S Sudan E to Eritrea and Ethiopia, S to Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, N Uganda and NW Kenya.

Descriptive notes

25 cm. Small, with rounded tail and black and white pattern on males' forehead, as P. lichtensteinii, P. indicus and P. bicinctus. Male has... read more


Flight call a high-pitched, trilled, twittering, introduced by 2–3 dry staccato notes “pididit..... read more


Open or partly wooded dry savannas and bushveld; also cultivated areas; avoids deserts; prefers... read more

Food and feeding

No available information, most probably seeds like other sandgrouse. Feeds during night; drinks in the evening, from c. 20 mins. before to... read more


During dry season, Nov–Jun, mainly Mar in Senegambia, at least Feb–Mar in Sudan and Ethiopia. Nest, scrape on ground, in Sudan... read more


Sedentary, locally nomadic or migratory; in W Africa moves north during wet season, e.g. in Chad... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Frequent to common through most of area: locally common in Senegambia; common in Mali; abundant in N Ivory Coast during dry season; frequent to... read more

Recommended citation

de Juana, E. & Boesman, P. (2020). Four-banded Sandgrouse (Pterocles quadricinctus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).