Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Data Deficient

Friedmann's Lark (Mirafra pulpa)


French: Alouette de Friedmann German: Friedmannlerche Spanish: Alondra de Friedmann

Mirafra pulpa


, 1930,

Sagan River, Shoa Province, Ethiopia


Birds from R Nyiro, in NE Kenya, described as species “M. candida”, but type specimen appears indistinguishable from present species. Monotypic.


S Ethiopia, N, C & SE Kenya and NE Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; 22 g. Rather small, compact lark. Has pale supercilium, dark-streaked rufous crown; upperparts rufous-looking, with rich rufous and buff edges of feathers,... read more


Song diagnostic, rather stereotyped “hooéééooo” whistle, repeated... read more


Prefers dense grassland with scattered bushes; recorded also in short, sparse grassland.

Food and feeding

Grass seeds, also small grasshoppers (Acrididae), beetles (Coleoptera) and other insects. Forages on ground.


Little known. Displaying males recorded Nov–Jan and Apr–May; birds in early Aug were in active moult. Low song flight by male,... read more


Assumed to be nomadic or partially migratory, in association with rains. In Kenya, typically... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Data Deficient. Very poorly known. In Kenya known from six specimens and a few sightings; in Ethiopia one 1998 sight record in... read more

Recommended citation

Ryan, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Friedmann's Lark (Mirafra pulpa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).