Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Frill-necked Monarch (Arses lorealis)


French: Monarque ruché German: Yorkmonarch Spanish: Monarca de Cape York

Arses lorealis

De Vis

, 1895,

Cape York, Australia


Long regarded as conspecific with A. telescopthalmus, but recently reseparated on basis of very distinct female plumage (and this arrangement maintained despite new molecular evidence: see A. telescopthalmus, above). Monotypic.


Extreme N Australia: N Cape York Peninsula S to Archer R on W coast and to c. 14° S on E coast (including Iron Range, Coen area and Silver Plains), in NE Queensland.

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm; 9–15 g. Small black-and-white monarch. Male is black above, with broad white erectile collar (often raised as a ruff) and neck side, white lower back... read more


Usual song a slow “chee chee chee chee cheee” series or an even slower and deeper “chwee chwee... read more


Primary forest, vine thickets, riparian gallery forest, and edge of secondary growth; occasionally... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Usually found singly or in pairs. Keeps to middle stratum and canopy. Hops and flutters up trunks and limbs, wings frequently... read more


Oct–Jan, before peak rains. Nest built by both sexes, a tiny, frail hanging basket of fine twigs, tendrils and spider webs, decorated... read more


Resident; some local movement into adjacent eucalypt woodland in wet season. Single specimen from... read more

Status and conservation

Not assessed. Uncommon; at low densities. As most of Cape York consists of unsuitable dry-forest habitat, the species is restricted to relict patches of rainforest and... read more

Recommended citation

Gregory, P. (2017). Frill-necked Monarch (Arses lorealis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 November 2017).