Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)


Fringe-backed Fire-eye (Pyriglena atra)


French: Alapi noir German: Weißrücken-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Ojodefuego de Bahía

Drymophila atra


, 1825,

Pitanga, Bahia, Brazil


Sometimes treated as conspecific with P. leuconota and/or P. leucoptera. Some specimens from Bahia said to have wingbars that suggest hybridization with latter, but forest fragmentation within region makes current or future contact between the two highly unlikely. Has a song identical to that of P. leuconota, but differs in scaled white markings on back of male (3); absence of white on back of female (3); and much paler, browner body coloration of female (2). Monotypic.


E Brazil in SE Sergipe and coastal NE Bahia (S to near Santo Amaro).

Descriptive notes

16–18 cm; one individual 32 g. Male is glossy black; interscapular patch of feathers with white base and edges, black subapical band; underwing-coverts blackish-grey;... read more


Male loudsong an evenly paced, medium-length series (e.g. 8 notes, 2 seconds), notes longer than... read more


Understorey of lowland evergreen-forest edge, densely vegetated light-gaps and treefalls within... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects, including cockroaches (Blattoidea), grasshoppers (Acrididae) and winged ants (Formicidae); also on spiders and centipedes... read more


Little known. In Bahia (Santo Amaro), specimen with developed gonads in Oct and several nearly independent fledglings in late Nov; in... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered Critically Endangered. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Minute range of perhaps no more than 9 km²,... read more

Recommended citation

Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Fringe-backed Fire-eye (Pyriglena atra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).