Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Fuertes's Oriole (Icterus fuertesi)


French: Oriole de Fuertes German: Ockerbauchtrupial Spanish: Turpial de Fuertes

Icterus fuertesi


, 1911,

Paso del Haba, 35 miles [c. 56 km] north-west of Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico


Often regarded as conspecific with I. spurius, which see. Monotypic.


Coastal E Mexico from S Tamaulipas S to S Veracruz; winter range imperfectly known, but reported S Guerrero, coastal Oaxaca and W Chiapas (S Mexico).

Descriptive notes

c. 16 cm; male 20·3 g, female 21 g. A small, slender, short-tailed ­oriole. Male has head to chest and back, upper­wing and tail black, rump and uppertail-coverts,... read more


Song 1·5–2·5 seconds long, a fast mix of chatters, clicks, buzzes and a few whistles, all notes... read more


Breeds in dense shrubs, consisting mostly of clumps of majagua (Hibiscus tiliaceus) and... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods, nectar and fruits. Takes nectar from brush-like inflorescences of the vine Combretum fruticosum.... read more


Season Mar–Jul; appears to be single-brooded. Presumably monogamous. Nests solitarily, perhaps semi-colonial breeder at times. Nest a bag... read more


Scant information. Believed to be a short-distance migrant, e.g. a few reported during boreal... read more

Status and conservation

Not assessed. Poorly known; uncommon to common. Reported as common in 1954, and perhaps increasing in numbers. The estimated extent of occurrence, however, is severely... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Fuertes's Oriole (Icterus fuertesi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).