Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)


Galapagos Martin (Progne modesta)


French: Hirondelle sombre German: Galapagosschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina de Galápagos

Progne Modesta


, 1838,

#R, San Salvador (James) Island, Galapagos Archipelago


Often treated as conspecific with P. murphyi and P. elegans. Initially named Hirundo concolor, but that name preoccupied. Monotypic.


Galapagos Is: present on all islands except Wolf, Culpepper, Marchena, Pinta, Rábida and Genovesa.

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Male is dark steel-blue, wings and tail blacker, tail slightly forked. Female has duller upperparts, uniformly dusky brown underparts. Juvenile resembles adult female. read more


Short, warbling song; twittering flight call “che-cher” or “tchur-tchur”, and high-pitched alarm... read more


Coastal lagoons, forests, and mountains; to 970 m.

Food and feeding

Diet is known to include butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera). Sometimes feeds low over ground and around houses.


Recorded in Mar. Nest made of grass stems and twigs, with a few feathers, in hole in cliff or tree. Clutch 2–3 eggs; no further... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered not globally threatened. Small population, probably fewer than 500 individuals, and probably declining. The species can only be found at a... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. & de Juana, E. (2020). Galapagos Martin (Progne modesta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).