French: Colin de Gambel German: Helmwachtel Spanish: Colín de Gambel
Other common names:
Fulvous-breasted Quail (fulvipectus),
Tiburon Island Quail (pembertoni)
west of California = south Nevada, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
C. g. gambelii
(Gambel, 1843) – W USA (from S Nevada, S Utah and W Colorado) S to NW Mexico (NE Baja California and N Sonora).
C. g. ignoscens
(Friedmann, 1943) – S New Mexico and extreme W Texas, in SC USA.
C. g. pembertoni
(van Rossem, 1932) – Tiburon I, in Gulf of California, NW Mexico.
C. g. fulvipectus
Nelson, 1899 – NC Sonora S to NW Sinaloa, in NW Mexico; possibly also SE Arizona and SW New Mexico, in SW USA.
C. g. stephensi
(A. R. Phillips, 1959) – S Sonora, NW Mexico.
24–28 cm; male 157–208 g, female 160–193·5 g. Long black teardrop-shaped crest. Distinctive black-and-white pattern on face and throat separates from... read more
In total, ten different calls described from captive birds, of which seven are given by both sexes... read more
Occurs in three types of desert: low warm desert valleys dominated by mesquite (Prospsis,... read more
Food and feeding
Takes wide variety of food types (91 species of plants in S Nevada): mainly flowers and seeds, especially of legumes; generally few insects... read more
Season mainly late Apr–Aug, though eggs recorded as early as Mar. Coveys generally start to disband by Mar. Male mass, rather than... read more
Sedentary, but disperses in late winter and early spring; maximum movement recorded was < 16 km... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Total population numbers over 1,000,000 birds. Populations in USA stable since 1960s, although there is some... read more
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