French: Sarcelle d’été German: Knäkente Spanish: Cerceta carretona
Breeds in Palearctic, mostly between 42° N and 65° N. Winters in Africa, India and SE Asia E to New Guinea.
37–41 cm; male 260–520 g, female 240–585 g; wingspan 58–69 cm. Adult male in breeding plumage readily separated from all other ducks; eclipse male,... read more
Readily vocalizes only during breeding season, when male gives harsh rattling or crackling note (... read more
Breeds mostly inland, on swampy meadows, flooded fields and shallow freshwater marshes, pools and... read more
Food and feeding
Aquatic invertebrates (worms, insects and their larvae, crustaceans, molluscs), amphibians, small fish, seeds, roots, tubers and green... read more
Starts Apr/May, with main laying period during latter month, although young seen as early as mid May and as late as Jul in England, and... read more
Highly migratory, wintering chiefly in sub-Saharan Africa (mainly from Mauritania and Senegambia E... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to abundant throughout range, with European population estimated at 640,000–1,100,000 pairs in early 1990s, of which... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!