Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Garnet-throated Hummingbird (Lamprolaima rhami)


French: Colibri à gorge grenat German: Granatkehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí alicastaño

Ornismya Rhami


, 1839,



Possibly belongs in genus Basilinna. Proposed races occidentalis (Guerrero) and saturatior (Honduras and N El Salvador) based on colour and size variation, but both patterns are either age-dependent or clinal in character and thus unsuitable criteria for subspecific recognition. Monotypic.


C & S Mexico (Guerrero, Puebla and W Veracruz S through Oaxaca to Chiapas) S to Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.

Descriptive notes

12–12·4 cm; 5·6–7·1 g. Male has short straight black bill; upperparts iridescent green, postocular spot white; throat shining rose-pink,... read more


Song a soft, gruff, dry, crackling warble intermixed by nasal, gurgling notes. Calls include a... read more


Upper tropical forest, cloudforest, forest edge, pine-oak forest and scrub, at 1200–3000 m on... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering shrubs, Inga and Erythrina trees. Insects are caught in the air by hawking. Male occupies feeding... read more


Apr–May (Atlantic slope), Dec–Mar (Pacific slope); nests have also been found in Sept. Bulky cup-shaped nest is composed of... read more


Sedentary; birds move to higher altitudes (above 1500 m) during reproduction period.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. A locally common bird associated with cloudforest and pine-oak forest; readily accepts modification of habitat by man, if patches of forest... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2020). Garnet-throated Hummingbird (Lamprolaima rhami). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).