Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Geelvink Imperial-pigeon (Ducula geelvinkiana)


French: Carpophage de Geelvink German: Geelvink-Fruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula de Geelvink

Carpophaga geelvinkiana


, 1873,

islands in Geelvink Bay


Hitherto considered conspecific with D. myristicivora, but differs on account of its lack of black knob on bill (3); lack of pale vinous wash on hindneck (2); yellow iris, based on photographic evidence (at least 2); darker grey head, breast and mantle, with dirtier, darker lower underparts (ns[1]); greener-glossed vs bluer-glossed rump (inconstant character; entire upperparts of geelvinkiana tend to be more strongly green [ns]); smaller size (wing length effect size –1.636; score 1). Also closely related to D. rubricera; a close relationship with D. concinna has also been suggested. Monotypic.


Islands of Numfor, Biak and Mios Num, in Geelvink Bay (NW New Guinea).

Descriptive notes

38 cm. Resembles formerly conspecific D. myristicivora (see Taxonomy comments) but smaller (wing 227–232 mm, versus 257–260 mm). Lacks pink on hindcrown, ear-coverts... read more


Advertising call a medium-pitched, coarse “crwwooo” repeated incessantly at rate of one per second... read more


Occurs in forest of all types, including secondary and logged areas, from sea-level to 500 m.

Food and feeding

No information available, although presumably exclusively frugivorous, gathering at fruiting trees, usually alone or in pairs.


Nothing known.


Probably mainly resident, but there is at least one mainland record, from hill forests at c. 400 m... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common on islands in Geelvink Bay. Presence on nearby mainland (see Movements), whether as a wanderer or, presumably scarce, resident... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Geelvink Imperial-pigeon (Ducula geelvinkiana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).