French: Manchot papou German: Eselspinguin Spanish: Pingüino juanito
J. R. Forster, 1781,
Proposed race taeniatus (Macquarie I) included in nominate. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
P. p. papua
(J. R. Forster, 1781) – Subantarctic S to c. 60° S.
P. p. ellsworthi
Murphy, 1947 – Antarctic Peninsula to South Sandwich Is.
76–81 cm; 4·5–8·5 kg. Rather large penguin with unmistakable head pattern. Nominate race has head, neck and upperparts slaty black, head and neck... read more
Highly vocal. Contact call, usually given when coming ashore, a short, low, trumpeting “caw... read more
Marine; found much farther N than other members of genus. Breeds on rocky coasts, sometimes among... read more
Food and feeding
Considerable variation with locality. S populations take large amounts of euphausiids, especially Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba... read more
Arrival at colony varies with locality, Jun-Nov; earliest laying Jun/Jul in N, Nov in S. Least colonial member of genus, normally in small... read more
Partial migrant; subantarctic populations tend to be sedentary, while those of Antarctic Peninsula... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly suspected to have been in overall decline, and therefore listed as Near Threatened during 2004–2016. However, recent... read more
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