Family Penguins (Spheniscidae)

Least Concern

Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)


Taxonomy

French: Manchot papou German: Eselspinguin Spanish: Pingüino juanito
Taxonomy:

Aptenodytes papua

J. R. Forster

, 1781,

Falkland Islands

.

Proposed race taeniatus (Macquarie I) included in nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. papua (J. R. Forster, 1781) – Subantarctic S to c. 60° S.
  • P. p. ellsworthi Murphy, 1947 – Antarctic Peninsula to South Sandwich Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    76–81 cm; 4·5–8·5 kg. Rather large penguin with unmistakable head pattern. Nominate race has head, neck and upperparts slaty black, head and neck... read more

    Voice

    Highly vocal. Contact call, usually given when coming ashore, a short, low, trumpeting “caw... read more

    Habitat

    Marine; found much farther N than other members of genus. Breeds on rocky coasts, sometimes among... read more

    Food and feeding

    Considerable variation with locality. S populations take large amounts of euphausiids, especially Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba... read more

    Breeding

    Arrival at colony varies with locality, Jun-Nov; earliest laying Jun/Jul in N, Nov in S. Least colonial member of genus, normally in small... read more

    Movements

    Partial migrant; subantarctic populations tend to be sedentary, while those of Antarctic Peninsula... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly suspected to have been in overall decline, and therefore listed as Near Threatened during 2004–2016. However, recent... read more

    Recommended citation

    Martínez, I., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52458 on 12 December 2018).