Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Giant Conebill (Conirostrum binghami)


French: Conirostre géant German: Riesenspitzschnabel Spanish: Conirrostro gigante

Oreomanes binghami


, 1919,

Cedrobamba ruins, Machu Picchu, 12,000 feet [c. 3660 m], Peru


Formerly listed as Oreomanes fraseri, but that genus found to be embedded in Conirostrum#R; with transfer to present genus name fraseri becomes preoccupied (by C. fraseri) and is replaced by binghami#R. Geographical variation minor, partly clinal, and with chequerboard pattern, in general bill length increasing from N to S, plumage becoming paler from N to S, and differences in facial plumage varying independently of geographical location (and often much variation within a single population); proposed race described from Cedrobamba Ruins, near Machu Picchu, at timber-line in SE Peru (under the name of binghami, now the species name) as well as sturninus (from Finca Salo, at c. 3960 m in Potosí, in Bolivia), considered undiagnosable. Has hybridized with C. ferrugineiventre. Monotypic.


Extreme S Colombia (volcanoes on border) S in high Andes to Ecuador (S to Azuay and N Loja), and NC Peru S to extreme N Chile (Tarapacá), Bolivia and NW Argentina.

Descriptive notes

16·5 cm; 22–27 g. Large grey-and-rufous conebill having rather long straight, sharply pointed, conical bill. Has crown and upperparts grey, short rufous to dark... read more


Notably quiet, although occasionally gives weak, high “chip” note. Infrequently heard... read more


Found almost entirely in dry to humid, moss-covered Polylepis shrub, and taller canopied... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known; takes small arthropods, including beetles (Coleoptera), small larvae and spiders (Araneae). Single birds, pairs or... read more


Season mainly Sept–Dec, at beginning of rainy season, near Cochabamba, in Bolivia, where eight nests found; fledglings in Aug (Lima... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Rare to uncommon, very local and declining. Occurs in a few protected areas, among them Cajas National Park (... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. (2019). Giant Conebill (Conirostrum binghami). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).