Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)


Giant Kingbird (Tyrannus cubensis)


French: Tyran géant German: Riesenkönigstyrann Spanish: Tirano cubano

Tyrannus cubensis


, 1898,



Probably closest to T. caudifasciatus; further study required. See also T. vociferans. Monotypic.


Locally in Cuba, where formerly widespread; old records from S Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Is, where now extinct#R.

Descriptive notes

23–26 cm. Large kingbird with large and almost rounded, flat-looking head. Has blackish crown and nape, orange coronal patch (usually concealed); upperparts mostly dark... read more


Loud, burry “tooe-tooe-tooee-tooee-toee” chatter, also a call of 4 distinct syllables;... read more


Tall lowland forest, especially pine (Pinus) forest, and wooded borders of rivers and... read more

Food and feeding

Appears to have fairly wide diet; feeds primarily on large flying insects (mainly hymenopterans), but also consumes considerable amounts of... read more


Breeds Mar/Apr–Jun; eggs recorded in May. Nest cup-shaped, composed of roots, dried grasses and small twigs, no lining, usually... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Cuba EBA. Now extinct in two of the three island groups where it was historically known to occur. Existing populations in... read more

Recommended citation

Mobley, J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Giant Kingbird (Tyrannus cubensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).