French: Souimanga de Sao Tomé German: Riesennektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga gigante
Other common names: Sao Tome Sunbird
São Miguel, São Tomé, Gulf of Guinea.
São Tomé, in Gulf of Guinea.
Male 20–23 cm, 21–28 g; female 18–19 cm, 18–21 g. Unmistakable; the largest sunbird, with all-blackish plumage, long decurved bill, and long graduated... read more
Song a series of 3 notes each 1 second long, “chee-cheep-eeep” or “tsweet-chut-uu... read more
Montane forest, including mistforest, also lowland primary forest and plantations; also strays into... read more
Food and feeding
Insects; also nectar and fruit pulp. Forages for insects on leaves, and hovers to feed from beneath leaves; probes flowers and bark in... read more
Egg-laying Sept–Jan. Possibly polygynous; females outnumber males by factor of 2 at some localities. Apparent lekking behaviour... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Restrictedrange species: present in Sâo Tomé EBA. Rare to locally common. Global population in range 250–999 individuals, and believed stable;... read more
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