Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Giant Wood-rail (Aramides ypecaha)


French: Râle ypécaha German: Ypecaharalle Spanish: Cotara ipacaá

Rallus ypecaha


, 1819,





EC & SE Brazil, E Bolivia#R, Paraguay, NE Argentina and Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

41–45 (possibly up to 53) cm; two females 640–765 g. Sexes alike; female slightly smaller. Largest Aramides; handsome bird, with pale bluish grey face... read more


Calls during day and also in evening, when birds congregate in selected spots and set up an... read more


Open marshes, lightly wooded swampy areas, fields and pastures near water and cover, and gallery... read more

Food and feeding

Little information available. Recorded taking a snake. Recorded digging the soil with the beak while foraging. In captivity, eats insect... read more


Nest of grasses and weed stems, c. 30 cm in diameter, built 1+ m above water, in shrub or broken-down vegetation. Eggs 4–5; chicks... read more


None recorded.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly common to abundant in much of its range; in 1980s was common in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, where it is a frequent victim of... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. (2019). Giant Wood-rail (Aramides ypecaha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).