Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Least Concern

Glaucous-blue Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea)


French: Évêque indigo German: Türkiskardinal Spanish: Picogrueso índigo

Pyrrhula glauco-cærulea

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Maldonado, Uruguay


Apparent hybrids between this species and an unspecified Sporophila seed-finch (Thraupidae) reported from Brazil. Monotypic.


NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Ríos and NE Buenos Aires), SE Brazil (S São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul) and N, E & W Uruguay; in austral winter, some move N as far Mato Grosso do Sul (S Brazil).

Descriptive notes

14 cm; three birds 16–19·5 g. Male is deep dark sky-blue above (each feather having very narrow blackish terminal edging), brightest on forehead and rump; remiges blackish... read more


Song, usually from concealed perch in dense cover, a fast, high, hurried jumbled warbling; call “... read more


Edges of low forest, bushes on humid river islands, marshes, second growth; from near sea-level to... read more

Food and feeding

No published data on diet. Usually in pairs; generally rather shy.


Nests Oct–Dec in Uruguay. Nest a cup of small twigs, placed at low or medium height in dense vegetation. Clutch 2–4 eggs, pale sky-blue... read more


Partial austral migrant. During austral winter, some move N as far as Mato Grosso do Sul, S Goiás... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally rather rare to uncommon over much of range. Not well known.

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Glaucous-blue Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 August 2019).