French: Goéland bourgmestre German: Eismöwe Spanish: Gavión hiperbóreo
Subspecies and Distribution
L. h. hyperboreus
Gunnerus, 1767 – Jan Mayen and Spitsbergen E to Taymyr Peninsula.
L. h. pallidissimus
Portenko, 1939 – Taymyr Peninsula E to Bering Sea, including Pribilof Is.
L. h. barrovianus
Ridgway, 1886 – coasts of W Alaska to W Canada (NW Mackenzie region).
L. h. leuceretes
Schleep, 1819 – E Mackenzie region through N Canadian archipelago to Greenland and Iceland.
60–77 cm; 1070–1820 g; wingspan 132–162 cm. Four-year gull. One of the largest gulls but varies considerably in size; the largest males are as large as ... read more
The long call resembles that of L. argentatus but is slightly hoarser. Has a two-part “k-... read more
Frequents coasts, bays, harbours, landfill sites and fishing wharves; rarely large inland lakes.... read more
Food and feeding
A generalist and opportunistic predator. Frequent dietary items include fish, molluscs, crustaceans, rodents, birds, eggs and young of... read more
Synchronous laying occurs from mid May to mid-Jun, depending on latitude and ice conditions; strong selection for early nesting because of... read more
Partially migratory. Adults leave Greenland in early Sept whereas young linger until freeze-up... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The total population is over 200,000 pairs and possibly considerably more. These include 85,000 pairs in Alaska (race barrovianus... read more
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