Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Glittering-bellied Emerald (Chlorostilbon lucidus)


Taxonomy

French: Émeraude splendide German: Goldbauch-Smaragdkolibri Spanish: Esmeralda ventridorada
Taxonomy:

Trochilus lucidus

Shaw

, 1812,

Paraguay

.

Previously referred to by name C. aureoventris, but earlier name lucidus is valid and therefore has priority#R. Race pucherani has been considered by some to be approaching the species threshold. Race igneus doubtfully separable from nominate. Form H. pyropygia is probably a hybrid of present species and Hylocharis cyanus. Similarly, Smaragdochrysis iridescens, known only from type specimen and formerly treated as valid species in monotypic genus, is now regarded as a hybrid of present species × Calliphlox amethystina. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. l. pucherani (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) – E Brazil (Maranhão and Ceará S to Paraná).
  • C. l. lucidus (Shaw, 1812) – E Bolivia, Paraguay and SW Brazil (including Mato Grosso).
  • C. l. igneus Gould, 1861 – W & N Argentina (Jujuy and Chaco S to Mendoza and San Luis).
  • C. l. berlepschi Pinto, 1938 – SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay to NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 9·5–10·5 cm, 3–3·8 g; female 7·5–8·5 cm, 3–4·5 g. Male has short, straight bill, maxilla and mandible... read more

    Voice

    Song a high-pitched, cricket-like trill of 1–4 seconds length at c. 9–10 kHz, repeated at intervals... read more

    Habitat

    Widespread in semi-arid to moderately humid scrub, savanna, grassland, and forest margin habitats... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on nectar of flowering Tabebuia, Eucalyptus and Jacaranda acutifolia by piercing the petal bases; also on... read more

    Breeding

    Season at least Aug–Feb, with two nests in NE Brazil under construction in May and with eggs in Apr. Cup-shaped nest placed on thin... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary. Recorded as vagrant, however, in E Peru (Manu Biosphere Reserve, Jun 2007) and in C... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common throughout much of its extensive range. Readily accepts man-made habitats such as gardens, parks and plantations.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Bündgen, R., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Glittering-bellied Emerald (Chlorostilbon lucidus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55438 on 21 May 2019).