Los Frailes, Costa Rica.
Previously considered conspecific with M. chrysocephalus, and the two are sister-taxa, based on morphological characters and all molecular analyses. Races minor and cinerascens here transferred from M. chrysocephalus because their dawn songs (repeated “kweee!-tee-tu”) and daytime songs (strident “skeeeuw!”) are identical to those of present species and very different (scores of 3 for each) from those of chrysocephalus (respectively “kwee!-tlu-tee” and “ku-weet!.. weet!”, the “weet!” sharply rising and much higher-pitched than first note)#R; M. chrysocephalus also has a longer wing and tail (at least 1) with much buffier and more restricted rufous edges to the tail (1). Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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