French: Saltator à bec orange German: Goldschnabelsaltator Spanish: Pepitero piquigualdo
“Paraguay”; probably Corrientes, Argentina
Subspecies and Distribution
S. a. iteratus
Chapman, 1927 – N Peru (temperate zones of Cajamarca, Amazonas, La Libertad and Ancash).
S. a. albociliaris
(R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede] & Landbeck, 1861) – C & S Peru (subtropical and temperate zones from Ancash and Huánuco S to Puno and Tacna) and extreme N Chile (Arica).
S. a. hellmayri
J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 – Bolivia from La Paz and Cochabamba S to SE Potosí and N Tarija.
S. a. aurantiirostris
Vieillot, 1817 – Bolivia (S Tarija), N Argentina (S to Catamarca, Córdoba and Buenos Aires), E Paraguay and S Brazil (S Mato Grosso and N Rio Grande do Sul).
S. a. parkesi
J. M. C. Silva, 1990 – E Argentina (Entre Ríos), extreme SE Brazil (S Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.
S. a. nasica
Wetmore & J. L. Peters, 1922 – CW Argentina (La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza and W La Pampa).
19–20·5 cm; male 33·1–44·8 g, female 38–54·3 g (Bolivia). Male nominate race has forehead blackish, becoming grey on crown and nape; chin and throat white, lores, face, ear-... read more
Song a loud, explosive series of musical whistled phrases, e.g. “twi-chéw tew-swéé?”, final... read more
Montane scrub, field edges, gardens, chaco woodland etc. Down almost to sea-level in S... read more
Food and feeding
Only quantified study was in lowland habitat in Santa Fe, in Argentina: diet included large numbers of seeds, especially of Solanum... read more
Season Nov–Jan, rarely Oct, in Argentina and Oct–Jan in Uruguay; fledglings in Jun in Peru and Feb–Mar in Bolivia. Almost all data from... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Quite common in suitable habitat over much of its range. In agricultural areas, may sometimes cause damage to pulses at the budding stage.
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