Previous treatment as member of a group with V. kirkii, V. affinis, V. chocoensis and V. maculifrons not supported by molecular analyses#R, which found present species possibly to be basal in genus and close to V. kirkii. Has often been considered conspecific with V. chocoensis, but differs in details of plumage, in habitat preferences, apparently also in voice, and is geographically isolated by Andes. Has been regarded as possibly conspecific with V. affinis, with which may overlap slightly in range. Monotypic.
E & SE Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas, and NE Brazil N of Amazon (E Roraima and lower R Negro to Amapá).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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